Homerton Baptist Church
Morning Service (210328)
      • Psalms 34.15-18ESV

  • Reading

    Galatians 4:21–24 ESV
    21 Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not listen to the law? 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman and one by a free woman. 23 But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while the son of the free woman was born through promise. 24 Now this may be interpreted allegorically: these women are two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar.
    Galatians 4:25–27 ESV
    25 Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. 26 But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother. 27 For it is written, “Rejoice, O barren one who does not bear; break forth and cry aloud, you who are not in labor! For the children of the desolate one will be more than those of the one who has a husband.”
    Galatians 4:28–31 ESV
    28 Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise. 29 But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now. 30 But what does the Scripture say? “Cast out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.” 31 So, brothers, we are not children of the slave but of the free woman.

    Sermon

    Pre-Amble

    False Teachers
    Circumcision, Eating Food
    Created division in the churches, exciling Gentiles from the Lord’s Table
    Promoted that Christians must first become Jews
    Paul saw this teaching and its acceptance as hypocrisy
    Justification by Faith
    Heirs and Sons by Promise
    Paul uses an allegory
    Hebrew use of opposing pairs
    Sarai & Hagar - Genesis 16:1–15

    Listen to the Law

    Galatians 4:21 ESV
    21 Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not listen to the law?
    They want to be under the yoke of the law
    but failed to listen to the law
    deafness follows taking your eyes off God’s Word
    chosing slavery over freedom
    Paul reminds them that Genesis is as much part of the law as Leviticus & Deuteronomy.
    God’s Law - first 5 books (Gen, Ex, Lev, Num, Deu)
    Paul highlights the normal view of the Jews
    Abraham provides the key to the Law, first convert

    Sarai & Hagar

    Galatians 4:22–24 ESV
    22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman and one by a free woman. 23 But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while the son of the free woman was born through promise. 24 Now this may be interpreted allegorically: these women are two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar.
    unbelief (natural) vs belief (spiritual)
    the false teachers could not believe that Jesus had fulfilled the covenant
    They prided themselves on being the seed of Abraham
    Circumsion was the public symbol
    Ishmael - Nature (Hagar, bond servant) vs Isacc - Promise (Sarah, free) belief
    Hagar
    Demonstration of God’s Grace
    Outside of Marriage (mans cure)
    Subject to curse of the moral law & bondage to the ceremonial law
    Sarah (past menopause)
    the greater dispensation of the covenant of Grace
    free both from the curse of the moral law and the bondage to the ceremonial law
    The Gospel (God’s Cure)
    We are not the natural seed of Abraham
    entitled to the promised inheritance through the special work of God

    Spiritual Decendants

    Galatians 4:25–26 ESV
    25 Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. 26 But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother.
    A poor resemblance of the real thing
    The present Jerusalem is slavery
    The future / heavenly Jerusalem is the glorious real version, of which is freedom
    The false prophets boast in being Abrahams natural decendants, Paul likens them to Ishmael
    Catholics call the earthly church/mary the mother of all, and Paul in similar fashion declares them decendants of Hagar
    Muslims claim to be decendants of Hagar, without merit but bring themselves under rejection
    John affirms this spiritual decendance of the Gentiles:
    John 1:12–13 ESV
    12 But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

    The Gentiles Conversion fortold

    Galatians 4:27 ESV
    27 For it is written, “Rejoice, O barren one who does not bear; break forth and cry aloud, you who are not in labor! For the children of the desolate one will be more than those of the one who has a husband.”
    Isaiah 54:11
    This quotation was not related to Hagar
    Paul instead points to its meaning point to the:
    Gentiles one day turning to God in multitudes
    Stumbling block - this new Christian interpretation the Gentiles did not become jews first
    Gentile Christians already out numbered Jewish Christians
    eventually they would outnumber the jews as a whole

    Children of Promise

    Galatians 4:28–29 ESV
    28 Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise. 29 But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now.
    Paul places Christians as the children of promise, like Isaac
    Paul shows that the Jews are like Ishmael in persecuting Isaac
    Paul ‘s insight comes from his own personal experience and knowledge of scripture

    Unbelievers disowned

    Galatians 4:30 ESV
    30 But what does the Scripture say? “Cast out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.”
    Are both joint heirs of God’s Grace?
    They are not compatiable
    Natural vs Spiritual
    Persecution is inevitable
    Unbelieving Jews and Gentiles are as Ishmael, non-heirs

    Conclusion

    Galatians 4:31–5:1 ESV
    31 So, brothers, we are not children of the slave but of the free woman. 1 For freedom Christ has set us free; stand firm therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery.
    Paul provides the conclusion for us
    Christ sets us free
    We are to stand firm
    We are to resist the yoke of slavery
      • Galatians 4:21–24ESV

      • Galatians 4:25–27ESV

      • Galatians 4:28–31ESV

      • Galatians 4:21ESV

      • Galatians 4:22–24ESV

      • Galatians 4:25–26ESV

      • John 1:12–13ESV

      • Galatians 4:27ESV

      • Galatians 4:28–29ESV

      • Galatians 4:30ESV

      • Galatians 4:31–5:1ESV

  • Doxology - Hymn 115v1
      • Romans 1:7ESV

Let us get to know you!

Please take a moment to send us your information so that we may stay connected with you. Your information is carefully managed and protected.
I am a:
Age:
How did you hear about us?