First Baptist Church of Minneola
FBC 11/1/2
  • INTRO - We discussed Daniel’s prayer in our message last week.
    We noted Daniel’s model was Lord listen, forgive, and act.
    We recalled how many Biblical prayers conform to the acrostic ACTS.
    Adoration (praise, names of God, humility)
    Confession (forgive me, forgive us)
    Thanksgiving (based on Scripture)
    Supplication (based on God’s compassion)
    TRANS - This week we fast forward a few decades. Daniel is now in his 80’s and Darius, the king of Persia, is in his first year.
    Jerusalem and the Temple is over 600 miles away and in ruins.
    Daniel is heartbroken about the land of the Jews and God’s temple.
    Recall this from last week:
    Daniel 9:17–19 CSB
    Therefore, our God, hear the prayer and the petitions of your servant. Make your face shine on your desolate sanctuary for the Lord’s sake. Listen closely, my God, and hear. Open your eyes and see our desolations and the city that bears your name. For we are not presenting our petitions before you based on our righteous acts, but based on your abundant compassion. Lord, hear! Lord, forgive! Lord, listen and act! My God, for your own sake, do not delay, because your city and your people bear your name.
    God heard and answered Daniel’s prayer.
    It took 49 years to be answered, but it was.
    Our text today recounts that fact:
    Daniel 9:23–24 CSB
    At the beginning of your petitions an answer went out, and I have come to give it, for you are treasured by God. So consider the message and understand the vision: Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city— to bring the rebellion to an end, to put a stop to sin, to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most holy place.
    ILL - Good ad bad news:
    Good News: Pastor baptized seven people today in the river. Bad News: Two were lost in the swift current.
    Good News: [To pastor] Church attendance rose dramatically the last three weeks. Bad News: Pastor was on vacation.
    In our passage today, Gabriel brings news, good and bad, to Daniel.
    Good news is God will answer Daniel’s prayer.
    Jerusalem and the Temple rebuilt.
    Bad news is the city is rebuilt during difficult days.
    Good news, although, is the Messiah will come and the temple will be rebuilt.
    Yet, more bad news is the Messiah dies, will be the last sacrifice for sins, and no more blood will need be shed - His sacrifice will be perfect.
    By this time Daniel is probably bug-eyed, yet there is more.
    Bad news is lots of people don’t know the prophecy and will reject his atoning sacrifice. As a result, the temple and Jerusalem will again be destroyed.
    Okay, now you have the basic way God gives us today’s text. Its not so much an outline as it is a list of good and bad news.
    70 “sevens” is a total of 490 years meaning that the events described in this passage were all fulfilled in the first century.
    Not a word of Daniel 9 is yet to be fulfilled.

    Purpose: Fulfilled in Jesus

    READ vv.20-24
    Let me show you how this is possible in the first century.

    Decreed to Finish

    Jesus came for the removal of sin:
    Hebrews 9:26–28 CSB
    Otherwise, he would have had to suffer many times since the foundation of the world. But now he has appeared one time, at the end of the ages, for the removal of sin by the sacrifice of himself. And just as it is appointed for people to die once—and after this, judgment—so also Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him.
    Remove sin, but also to prove our inability to keep God’s Law.
    Jesus brings the day of the imperfect sacrifices to an end and offers forgivingness of sin.

    Decreed to Atone

    Because of Jesus, we can stand before God:
    Hebrews 2:17 CSB
    Therefore, he had to be like his brothers and sisters in every way, so that he could become a merciful and faithful high priest in matters pertaining to God, to make atonement for the sins of the people.
    Jesus atoned for our sin.
    Clothed in Jesus righteousness through faith, we have what is needed to enter eternity.
    Jesus’ death atoned for our sin.

    Decreed to Seal

    “Seal” in this book is a word used in two ways.
    Like the signet ring of chapter 6, it had now power but was used like a signature authenticating something.
    The Bible is authenticated by the signature of the prophets and apostles. We can’t change the Bible; its sealed.
    Another meaning is sealed for a future use like in Daniel 12.
    The prophecies were sealed until the 1st century.
    Christ broke the seal.
    The 70 sevens decree the vision and prophecy are sealed:
    Daniel 12:9 CSB
    He said, “Go on your way, Daniel, for the words are secret and sealed until the time of the end.

    Decreed to Anoint

    “to anoint” v.24
    "To anoint” is in the Hebrew language the word Messiah and the Greek language the word Christ.
    It can mean the anointing of Jesus when He was baptized.
    On the other hand, it might reference the destruction if the temple in A.D. 70.
    Either way, this was fulfilled in the first coming.

    Exegesis: Fulfilled During Day’s of Jesus

    READ vv.25-27
    The purposed, unclear as they are, could all be fulfilled in the fist century through Jesus and His work.
    That is just one part.
    The questions is, “Does proper biblical study support that conclusion?”

    Decree to Rebuild

    “Rebuild Jerusalem”
    Gabriel contributes the good news, “Jerusalem will be rebuilt.”
    There is more than one way to make this point, but they all are completed in the fist century.
    The decree to rebuild was given to Artaxerxes (
    ’artaḥšastâ’):
    Ezra 7:11 CSB
    This is the text of the letter King Artaxerxes gave to Ezra the priest and scribe, an expert in matters of the Lord’s commands and statutes for Israel:
    That was in 457 BC.
    From that date until Jesus there is 483 years.
    That means Gabriel says Jesus in on earth AD 26 which many believe the year Jesus was baptized.
    Pretty good news; Temple rebuilt and the Messiah coming.
    The text calls the Anointed One “ruler” and links him with Micah’s prophecy 200 years later:
    Micah 5:2 CSB
    Bethlehem Ephrathah, you are small among the clans of Judah; one will come from you to be ruler over Israel for me. His origin is from antiquity, from ancient times.
    TRANS - From good to bad, well not really bad, but necessary.

    Death of Jesus

    “will be cut off” v.26
    This is sometime after the 483 years, Jesus will die.
    The disciples missed this prophecy.
    They knew Jesus was the Messiah of Daniel, but missed this important part:
    Mark 8:27–29 CSB
    Jesus went out with his disciples to the villages of Caesarea Philippi. And on the road he asked his disciples, “Who do people say that I am?” They answered him, “John the Baptist; others, Elijah; still others, one of the prophets.” “But you,” he asked them, “who do you say that I am?” Peter answered him, “You are the Messiah.”
    Peter called Him Messiah.
    Peter had to of known Daniel 9:26 because its one of the only two places the word is used in the OT.
    Peter had to of know the “cut off” part which explains Jesus followup teaching:
    Mark 8:30–33 CSB
    And he strictly warned them to tell no one about him. Then he began to teach them that it was necessary for the Son of Man to suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, chief priests, and scribes, be killed, and rise after three days. He spoke openly about this. Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. But turning around and looking at his disciples, he rebuked Peter and said, “Get behind me, Satan! You are not thinking about God’s concerns but human concerns.”
    Peter had a hard time with this.
    APP - Peter’s lesson teaches us the value and need to know and study prophecy.

    Destruction of Jerusalem

    During the day of Emperor Titus “the coming ruler” v.26, in 70 AD, Jerusalem and the city were destroyed.
    “come like a flood” may sound like the 2nd coming, but is actually a reference to Roman armies sweeping over the city like a flood.
    “until the end there will be war” is reference to the time between AD 70 and AD 132 when the Jews were finally conquered.
    Looking at “abomination of desolation” v.27 let me say some say this is the Antichrist.
    This is untrue.
    Comparing Daniel 9, Matthew 24, and Luke 21 shows us the Antichrist is not the abomination of desolation.
    An examination of the Hebrew clears up this matter.
    In Hebrew, the word “he” does not occur.
    It’s a difficult Hebrew text.
    The NIV offers an alternate reading:
    The New International Version (1984)

    And one who causes desolation will come upon the pinnacle of the abominable temple, until the end that is decreed is poured out on the desolated city

    The one is Titus and the city is Jerusalem.
    One word of caution, this is a difficult and obscure text. Never build your theology on such a text.
    Even the alternate Hebrew translations show how obscure is this text.
    If you read the KJV, the text does not even make sense.
    Yet, it is one some use to teach a 7 year time with the Antichrist makes a covenant with the Jews. There is not one single other verse supporting this view.

    Covenant of Jesus

    “He will make a firm covenant” v.26
    Again this is not a peace treaty with Jewish people.
    This has noting to do with animal sacrifices beginning again.
    Notice it says “He will”
    In our text this can only refer to the ruling emperor who destroyed or the ruler who is called the “Anointed One.”
    The most obvious is the Messiah because He is the primary subject of all the verses.
    He atones and brings eternal righteousness.
    The Messiah puts an end to sin.

    What is the Covenant?

    Two words used relating to a covenant.
    One means “to make a covenant” literally means “to cut a covenant.”
    That is the term if the Antichrist would enter into a treaty with the Jews.
    However, that is not the Hebrew word used here.
    The Hebrew here is another word that means to:
    gavar berit - “confirm a covenant already in existence”
    This is the Covenant of Grace.
    Jesus didn’t come to make, but to confirm, ratify, authenticate the Covenant of Grace with his blood.
    This is Good News!

    Conclusion: Fulfilled During the First Coming

    What then about the last 3.5 years of the 70th week?
    Daniel 9 leaves us hanging there.
    However, Revelation 12 picks up where Daniel ends.
    We will see in Daniel 12:
    Daniel 12:9 CSB
    He said, “Go on your way, Daniel, for the words are secret and sealed until the time of the end.
    “sealed” until the Lamb is on the throne and found worthy of opening the seals”
    Revelation 5:5 CSB
    Then one of the elders said to me, “Do not weep. Look, the Lion from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has conquered so that he is able to open the scroll and its seven seals.”

    Church Protection

    Revelation 12 is the 2nd cycle, following the 1st from chapters 1-3.
    We read about Jesus, the ascension, and the start of the church.
    1,260 days from Jesus’ baptism until the ascension was 3.5 years.
    That was the 1st half of the 70th week of Daniel.
    The last half extends for the Ascension until the church is scattered.
    Jesus took care of the church which is recorded in Acts 1-7.

    Church Persecution

    Acts 8:1–4 CSB
    Saul agreed with putting him to death. On that day a severe persecution broke out against the church in Jerusalem, and all except the apostles were scattered throughout the land of Judea and Samaria. Devout men buried Stephen and mourned deeply over him. Saul, however, was ravaging the church. He would enter house after house, drag off men and women, and put them in prison. So those who were scattered went on their way preaching the word.
    The real events help us understand prophecy; how to understand Daniel and Revelation.
    Revelation 12:13–14 CSB
    When the dragon saw that he had been thrown down to the earth, he persecuted the woman who had given birth to the male child. The woman was given two wings of a great eagle, so that she could fly from the serpent’s presence to her place in the wilderness, where she was nourished for a time, times, and half a time.
    This is another way to see the same thing from earlier in this text:
    Revelation 12:6 CSB
    The woman fled into the wilderness, where she had a place prepared by God, to be nourished there for 1,260 days.
    That is what “a time, times, and half a time” means.
    The church is taken care of by God for 3.5 years then the persecution began.
    We are the offspring of the women, the Church, God’s people.
    Spiritual battle is ongoing to this day.
    It will climax, Dan 7, in Satan’s last move becoming incarnate like Jesus.
    Satan in human form will be the Antichrist.
    Today we live in the concluding part of Daniel’s prophecy.
    The spiritual warfare may seem like bad news.
    However, the best news is soon to come.
    Jesus will come to destroy the enemy and reign ad King of kings and Lord of lords.
    That is way more than Daniel ever imagined!
    (end)
      • Daniel 9:17–19CSB

      • Daniel 9:23–24CSB

      • Hebrews 9:26–28CSB

      • Hebrews 2:17CSB

      • Daniel 12:9CSB

      • Ezra 7:11CSB

      • Micah 5:2CSB

      • Mark 8:27–29CSB

      • Mark 8:30–33CSB

      • Daniel 12:9CSB

      • Revelation 5:5CSB

      • Acts 8:1–4CSB

      • Revelation 12:13–14CSB

      • Revelation 12:6CSB

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