First Baptist Church of Minneola
  • begin Romans
    ch. 13 convicted Augustine of his sin and need for salvation
    Luther recovered the truth of salvation by faith by studying 1:17
    Reading Luther, John Wesley felt “strangely warmed” in his heart which became catalyst to the evangelical revival of the 18th century
    led John Bunyan to write Pilgrim’s Progress
    Karl Barth destroyed liberal Christianity with arguments from this book

    The Person Paul

    Romans 1:1 CSB
    Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called as an apostle and set apart for the gospel of God—
    a servant (doulos) important
    why not master teacher of the OT?
    fighting force for God?
    man of intellect?
    Paul chooses to be called servant--doulos.
    Romans considered this a servile of willingness to serve others
    Jews a title of honor when associated with God.
    Paul has both views in mind
    Paul considers his life as one of servanthood; Jesus, also, did:
    Mark 10:45 CSB
    For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”
    In addition to servanthood, Paul sees himself as an apostle:
    Galatians 1:15–17 CSB
    But when God, who from my mother’s womb set me apart and called me by his grace, was pleased to reveal his Son in me, so that I could preach him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately consult with anyone. I did not go up to Jerusalem to those who had become apostles before me; instead I went to Arabia and came back to Damascus.
    God’s call is Paul’s reason for enduring even the most difficult days.
    When things got tough, Paul does not think, “did I make a mistake?”
    No, Paul says, “this work, hard as it may be, is God’s doing and I’m called to do this work.”
    The last bit, “set apart” has the same root as the word Pharisee.
    A Pharisee set’s himself apart for the work of the Law.
    But, God set Paul apart for the gospel.
    Paul sees himself set aside by God to preach the Good News about Jesus.
    TRANS - Paul knows who he is, a servant for God.
    How does this affect what he proclaims?

    The Preaching of Paul

    Romans 1:2–4 CSB
    which he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures—concerning his Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, who was a descendant of David according to the flesh and was appointed to be the powerful Son of God according to the Spirit of holiness by the resurrection of the dead.
    Paul does not toss out the OT, but notes his message is an extension of the OT.
    Paul preaches that sin, like the OT teaches, is the reason Jesus came:
    1 Corinthians 15:3 CSB
    For I passed on to you as most important what I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures,
    Our text says Jesus is both human and divine.
    “according to flesh” and “according to the Spirit”
    Hebrews expands on the idea:
    Hebrews 1:3 CSB
    The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact expression of his nature, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.
    v.3 human nature
    The Greek ek spermatos means from the seed of David emphasizes Jesus’ humanity
    Born of human seed; descendent of David
    v.4 divine nature
    “according to the Spirit of holiness” speaks of his divine nature.
    “according” or declared has the Greek word horisthentos which from its root is where we get our word “horizon.”
    boundary between heaven and earth.
    God’s raising Jesus from the dead “horizoned” Him, or clearly marked Him as the divine Son.
    Paul wants the Romans to understand his work sharing the gospel is preaching Jesus according to Scripture.
    Jesus is the risen human & divine Savior.
    TRANS - Paul viewed himself as a person and as a preacher.

    The Power in Paul

    Romans 1:5 CSB
    Through him we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of his name among all the Gentiles,
    Paul means “God’s favor”
    salvation, guidance, wisdom, illumination, & power
    Paul clearly thinks grace is amazing!
    Look ahead here:
    Romans 5:20 CSB
    The law came along to multiply the trespass. But where sin multiplied, grace multiplied even more
    eternal, infinite, no beginning or end.
    Karl Barth said its, “recognized to be incomprehensible”
    If you think you understand it, then you probably don’t have grace.
    Those who have it, like Paul, know its power overflows from God enabling ministry.
    God’s grace is mysterious and powerful.
    TRANS - Paul tells us about his person, preaching, & the power of God that overflows in him.
    Paul is appointed by God, seperated out by God, and every part of Paul’s life, his entire “horizon” is dominated by the power of the resurrection of the human and divine Jesus Christ.
    And with all this, Paul says, “This power is because of God’s incomprehensible grace.”
    TRANS - The way Paul viewed himself made the difference.
    Today Paul’s view of himself continues to make a difference in the world.
    Imagine, for a moment, if you were to see yourself owned by God, preaching the risen Jesus, and all your life touched by grace?


    Romans 1:6–7 CSB
    including you who are also called by Jesus Christ. To all who are in Rome, loved by God, called as saints. Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
    Do you see it?
    Paul says his view is for others too, including you.
    “including you who are also called by Jesus Christ.

    Three Applications

    “loved by God”

    not us loving, but being loved
    Get used to this, never get over it

    “called as saints”

    Not called because we are saints, but saints because we are called.
    Like Paul, set apart by God.

    Recipients of “grace” & “peace.”

    Last bit is like poetry.
    Greek greeted saying “Rejoice” (chaire)
    Jews greeted saying “peace” (Hebrew shalom) (Greek eiriene)
    Paul combines them poetically chaire eiriene
    Paul brings east and west together
    So doing, gives us the Christian greeting “grace and peace”
    Cause, grace, effect, peace
    When God’s grace comes, takes away sin, makes us favorable to God, peace fills our soul.
    Paul shared his view of his person, preaching, & the power that changed how he lived his life.
    What might God say should we have this same view of self?
    What might happen in this church if that same fuel fills us until we overflow?
    Regardless if you take this same view or not, it is true of every believer that each are loved beyond measure by God.
    God loves you.
    Called to be a saint.
    You are an object of His amazing grace
    His peace is our peace.
    And this, for eternity.
      • Romans 1:1CSB

      • Mark 10:45CSB

      • Galatians 1:15–17CSB

      • Romans 1:2–4CSB

      • 1 Corinthians 15:3CSB

      • Hebrews 1:3CSB

      • Romans 1:5CSB

      • Romans 5:20CSB

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