Knowing Scripture
Prophetic and Apocalyptic Literature
Knowing Scripture

Knowing Scripture: Prophetic and Apocalyptic Literature


Review of Grammatical Historical Method

Review of Genres

The Function of Prophecy in Israel

Covenant Enforcement Mediators (Dt 28:1-14; Num. 12:6-8)

-Pre/Post Exilic Prophets

Prophets as God’s Direct Representatives

Forms of Prophetic Utterance

The Lawsuit (Is. 3:13-26; Hos. 3:3-17)

The Woe (Habakkuk 2:6-8; Isaiah 13-24)

The Promise (Amos 9:11-15)

The Enactment Prophecy (Is 20:1-4; Ezek. 4:1-4)

The Messenger Speech

Common Prophetic Themes

The Latter Days (Gen. 49:1; Is. 2:2)

The day of the Lord (Amos 5:18)

The Coming of the Lord (Is 26:21; Is 40:10)

Restoration of Fortunes/Remnant (Is. 6:13;10:21; Rom 9:27)

The dwelling of God with men (Rev. 21:3)

The kingdom of God (Is. 9:6-7; Obadiah 21; Daniel 7:14)

The “Prophetic Perspective” (Dan. 11:31; Mt 24:15; 2 Thess. 2:1-12)

Apocalyptic Literature

Definition of Apocalyptic Literature

Exegetical Principles for Apocalyptic Literature

1.Following the author’s intent

2. Pay attention to the sources of the image (Rev. 1:20; 12:9)

3. One must see the visions as a whole and not press all the details (Rev.. 9:7-11)

Common prophetic Imagery


Sea (Dan. 7:2-3)

Sands of the Sea/Stars of Heaven (Gen 22:17; Hos. 1:10)

Day of clouds and darkness; blood and fire and billows of smoke etc (Is. 13:10)

The North (Ezekiel 38-39; Dan. 11:6-40; Rev. 9:17,18)

The Marriage of the Lamb (Rev. 21:2,9)

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