Who are the Nations in Isaiah 2:2?
[I was thinking about Isaiah 2:2 and thought I would put my thoughts down in writing. This is not a complete treatment of the subject, but it's a beginning. I didn't include a lot of context, so let me know what questions arise or if something doesn't seem to make sense!]
A few weeks ago we studied Isaiah, chapter 2. Some of that chapter is concerned with the Millennial Kingdom of Jesus Christ; Millennial, meaning, one thousand. The Millennial Kingdom is a literal 1,000 year reign of Jesus Christ on earth.
Believers in Jesus (Those of us from the Church age) will be living on earth during this glorious period of time. We will be sinless and possess new bodies that will never break down and die.
But there is an interesting line in Isaiah 2:2 that may cause some to wonder what it means.
Now it shall come to pass in the latter days
That the mountain of the LORD’s house
Shall be established on the top of the mountains,
And shall be exalted above the hills;
And all the nations shall flow to it.
The question is, if all believers from the Church age are now in glorified bodies and are sinless, living in the Kingdom, who are the nations that will flow to the mountain of the LORD?
All Christians are raptured before the Tribulation (See 1 Thessalonians 4:16,17), so anyone entering the 7 Year Tribulation will be an unbeliever. Most people in the Tribulation will die because of the plagues and the chaos, but many will live through the Tribulation.
After the Second Coming of Jesus the Messiah at the end of the Tribulation, the Throne of David will be raised up and Jesus Christ will sit on that throne as Ruler of the world (Luke 1:32). He will set up a place of judgment for the Gentiles (Non-Jews) who have lived through the Tribulation (see Matthew 25:31-46). This will be an individual judgment.
All the Gentiles who survive the Tribulation and Armageddon will be gathered into the Valley of Jehoshaphat and will then be separated by the Messiah; The Bible says some are brought to His left side and some are brought to His right side.
Those who are brought before Jesus will be separated into two groups. Those on His right are called sheep Gentiles, and those brought to His left are called the goat Gentiles. Each individual in their respective group will be judged based on his or her anti-Semitism or pro-Semitism, that is, those who were anti or pro Israel.
The sheep have at some point believed in Jesus during the Tribulation and survived. The goats are unbelievers who also survived the Tribulation. So we have masses of Gentiles standing before the Lord who is Judge, some are believers in Jesus Christ and others are not.
The ultimate and final result after this Judgment of the sheep and the goats is that the believing Gentiles will enter into everlasting life, and the Kingdom (in non-glorified, and still sinful bodies). While the unbelieving Gentiles will enter into everlasting punishment (Matthew 25:46).
Therefore, the Gentiles surviving the Tribulation who believed, will not have been glorified and are still able to sin. They will live and die through the Millennium (Isaiah 65:20). These are the people who populate the nations which will come to the mountain of the Lord to learn from Him (Isaiah 2:3).
- If all nations are gathered here how is this a judgement of the Gentiles and does not include Jews? Or does Gentile here mean any nonbeliever?
Pastor Roger — EditedI apologize for the delay in replying about the judgment for the surviving Jews at at the end of the Tribulation. My days before I leave for Cambodia (March 7) are coming fast and furious and I've been working on training materials and tying up loose ends here. So, with that said, I still want to give a quick reply to Jill Grenda's question. At the end of the Tribulation, at the Second Coming of Jesus Christ (not the Rapture. That happened seven years prior), there will be surviving Gentiles and Jews living on earth. Somehow they made it through the terrible times of the Tribulation described so vividly in Revelation 4 - 19. Only believers can go into the Kingdom. So what happens to the surviving unbelievers? I told you my thoughts about the Gentiles and the Sheep and Goats Judgment in the first article, but what about the Jews? There will be a judgment for Jews at the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. The primary passage is found in Matthew 25:1-13 in the Parable of the Ten Virgins. I don't have time to develop this, but notice what happens, "Those who were ready went in with him (the bridegroom) and the door was shut. Afterward the other virgins came also, saying "Lord, open to us!" But he answered and said, 'Assuredly, I say to you, I do not know you." This is not a rapture passage for the Church, it is a Jewish passage for Israel. Jesus will separate the believing Jews from the non-believing Jews at His coming. What makes me believe that? Several things, but here is just one (and I will develop it more later). The Gospel of Matthew (probably the first gospel written) is written to Jews. It is a Jewish book through and through. Dr. Andy Woods notes the Gospel of Matthew has three main purposes: 1. To explain that Jesus in whom they had believed was the long-awaited Messiah. 2. To explain why the kingdom had been postponed despite the fact that the king had arrived. 3. To explain the interim program of God during the kingdom's absence. Matthew 25 takes place on day three of the passion week and Jesus it describing what is going to happen to non-believing Israel. Matthew 25 is part of the Olivet Discourse (meaning His conversation on the Mt. of Olives). It begins in chapter 24. The Church is not in view in chapters 24-25. We do not find out about the Church's fate until day six of the passion week, in the Upper Room Discourse. There Jesus presents the Rapture for the first time, John 141-4. Matthew and John are two separate discussion dealing with two separate events. In Matthew it is Jesus describing His Second Coming and the separating of Jews and Gentiles going into the Kingdom. In John it is the Rapture and what happens to the Church when Jesus meets us in the air. The apostle Paul develops this even further in 1st Thessalonians 4:16-17, 1 Corinthians 15:51-53, and other places. Sorry for the brief and incomplete explanation, but that may give you a start to dig in and check it out. The key is realizing who Jesus is speaking to (Understanding the Bible means we need to know the audience), and that there are two discourses taking place on two different days in His last week: Olivet (dealing with Israel) and Upper Room (dealing with the Church).