In his thorough "Paul and Palestinian Judaism" E. P. Sanders attacked the most sacred view of Pauline scholarship: that Judaism was a legalistic religion based on works-righteousness. This belief was characteristic of Augustine and later Luther. The first two thirds of Sander's study is devoted to a detailed study of Second Temple Judaism. The last 1/3 is focused on Pauline theology, and despite its brevity, gets to the meat. The power of this book has not diminished after nearly thirty years. It is without doubt the most important work on the theology of Paul in the latter half of the 20th century: compulsory and compulsive reading.