• Jeremiah 23:5-6 [written poetically] "Behold, the days are coming," says the Lord, That I will raise to David a Branch of righteousness; A King shall reign and prosper and execute judgement and righteousness in the earth. In His days Judah will be saved and Israel will dwell safely; Now this will be His name by which He will be called: THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. This isn't the first or only time Jesus is referred to as a "Righteous Branch." It's a term also used in Isaiah 4:2; and Zech 3:8, and 6:12. It refers to Jesus being THE righteous branch off of the tree trunk of King David. How is this important? Because Jesus had to be of the lineage of David (Isaiah 9:6-7), and that is the reason the beginning of Matthew recounts the lineage of Jesus and calls Him "the Son of David in Matt 1:1. Jesus was literally born a King.
    1. Jeremiah 23:1-4 "Woe to the shepherds who destroy and scatter the sheep of My pasture!" says the Lord. Therefore, thus says the Lord God of Israel against the shepherds who feed My people: "You have scattered My flock, driven them away, and not attended to them. Behold, I will attend to you for the evil of your doings," says the Lord. "But I will gather the remnant of My flock out of all the countries where I have driven them, and bring them back to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and increase. I will set up shepherds over them who will feed them; and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, nor shall they be lacking," say the Lord. For a couple thousand years there has been discussion as to the exact meaning of this passage. Some say it refers to when the people returned under Ezra. Others say it refers to the 'Second Exodus' after World War 2. I'm of the mind that it refers to both, beginning under Ezra and it's still occurring. Following WW2, Jews immigrated to Israel from Russia, Europe, North and South America, Africa, and even Australia and New Zealand. Since the modern state of Israel has been formed, God has surely protected them.
      1. Jeremiah 22:29-30 [Message to King Jehoiachin, also known as Coniah] "O earth, earth, earth, Hear the word of the Lord! Thus says the Lord: 'Write this man down as childless, A man who shall not prosper in his days; For none of his descendants shall prosper, Sitting on the throne of David and ruling anymore in Judah.'" King Jehoiachin actually had seven sons, but the Babylonians conquered Judah during his reign, thus none of his sons ever ruled.
        1. Jeremiah 22:10 "Weep not for the dead, nor bemoan him; Weep bitterly for him who goes away, For he shall return no more, Nor see his native country." When the people of Judah were taken into captivity, they were made slaves. They also could remember the glory of the temple, their homes, the palace, and could remember their freedom. But they were to die in captivity. If only they had lived according to their covenant with God.
          1. Jeremiah 22:8-9 [con't from 6-7] "And many nations will pass by this city; and everyone will say to his neighbor, 'Why has the Lord done so to this great city?' Then they will answer, 'Because they have forsaken the covenant of the Lord their God, and worshipped other gods and served them.'" It's so very interesting that the term 'many nations' is used to describe the people who would be passing by or through Jerusalem after it is destroyed. We American use nation to mean a country with borders. However, the rest of the world generally uses nation to refer to a group of people with certain traits being the same (simplified description). For instance, here in the US we often refer to a large group of Native Americans as a tribe or band, whereas they are really a nation. For example, The Cherokees are a nation, the Navaho are a nation. So in the above passage of Scripture, it makes sense that different nations would want the land of Judah at it was rich in producing abundant produce and sustained livestock. However, God had promised to bring the people of Judah, who had gone into captivity, back to Judah, so other nations did not move in to the land.
            1. Jeremiah 22:6-7 For thus says the Lord to the house of the king of Judah: "You are Gilead to Me, the head of Lebanon; Yet I will surely make you a wilderness, Cities which are not inhabited. I will prepare destroyers against you, Everyone with his weapons; They shall cut down your choice cedars and cast them into the fire." There is discussion as to the meaning of this passage. Some say it metaphorically means the mighty soldiers of Judah will be cut down like the forests of Lebanon where the wood is used to build places, such as the temple and palace in Jerusalem. Others say it refers to the burning of the temple and palace in Jerusalem by the Babylonians. I think both are right, and that it's not an either-or. This is a warning that the kings of Judah chose to ignore, and the people paid the consequences.
              1. Jeremiah 22:4-5 [con't from yesterday] "'"For if you indeed do this thing, then shall enter the gates of this house, riding on horses and in chariots, accompanied by servants and people, kings who sit on the throne of David. But if you will not hear these words, I swear by Myself, " says the Lord, "that this house shall become a desolation."'" When reading and studying Jeremiah, we need to remember that it wasn't put together chronologically. Chapter 22 contains messages written specifically for kings who ruled in Jerusalem over Jeremiah's lifetime. During the time period Jeremiah prophesied ( 626 bc - 586 bc) four separate kings ruled over Judah.
                1. Jeremiah 22:1-3 Thus says the Lord: "Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and there speak this word and say, "Hear the word of the Lord, O king of Judah, you who sit on the throne of David, you and your servants and your people who enter these gates! Thus says the Lord: "Execute judgment and righteousness, and deliver the plundered out of the hand of the oppressor. Do no wrong and do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, or the widow, nor shed innocent blood in this place."'" At the time this event occurred, most likely Josiah, or Jehoahaz/Shallum sat on the throne. Josiah died in 609 bc, and the message here, delivered by Jeremiah, sounds like a message given to one newly sitting on the throne.
                  1. Jeremiah 21:11-14 "And concerning the house of the king of Judah, say, 'Hear the word of the Lord, O house of David! Thus says the Lord: "Execute judgment in the morning; and deliver him who is plundered out of the hand of the oppressor lest My fury go forth like fire and burn so that no one can quench it, because of the evil of your doings. Behold, I am against you, O inhabitants of the valley, and rock of the plains" says the Lord, "who say 'who shall come down against us? Or who shall enter our dwellings?' But I shall punish you according to the fruit of your doings," says the Lord; "I will kindle a fire in its forest, and it shall devour all things around it."'" When Pashur, sent by King Zedekiah, went to Jeremiah looking for words of hope from God, he certainly didn't expect the words he received and told to take back to the king. For years and years Jeremiah had prophesied the penalties for worshipping idols, sacrificing children, and disobeying the Law. Now they are realizing the truth in what he said.
                    1. Jeremiah 21:10 [God speaking through Jeremiah] "For I have set My face against this city for adversity and not for good," says the Lord. "It shall be given into the hand of the king of Babylon, and it shall burn with fire." In Deut. 17:18-20 it was stated that the king was responsible for learning and upholding the Law. He was to read the Law every day. So in not following or upholding the Law, as instructed in Deuteronomy 17, the king now has the responsibility for the destruction of Jerusalem, and the fall of Judah. God is holding him accountable.